25. How to Tune Up Your Bike
No matter how often you ride you should give your bike a tune-up at least once a year.
Today we’ll learn how to tune up your bike, which I’d recommend doing at least once a year, or even every few months if you ride every day. Since I can’t demonstrate every step of the procedure while keeping this video short, I’ll give a general overview and cover each step further in separate tutorials. You’ll notice below that I’ve written out all of the steps and included links to related tutorials. I’ll be adding new links as future videos are uploaded.
Depending how much work is needed you’ll need a several tools for this job. Most importantly you’ll need:
First disconnect your brakes and remove both wheels. This makes it easier to clean the bike frame and tune-up the wheels. Clean between the sprockets of your freewheel or cassette using a rag or a proper cleaning tool. Using a dry rag, wipe down the hubs, spokes, and rims on both wheels. If they are difficult to clean dip your rag in some mildly soapy water and try again. Never use harsh cleaners or a water hose to clean your bike. Check both hub adjustments to make sure they aren’t loose and that they spin freely. Adjust or overhaul them as necessary.
If you have a truing stand, deflate the tires and check the alignment and spoke tension of both wheels and adjust them as needed. Inflate both tires to the recommended pressure and set them aside.
Now wipe down your entire bike frame and components. I usually start at the handlebar and work my way to the rear derailleur in order to keep my rag clean as long as possible. Again you can dampen your rag with soapy water if needed to loosen up any tough grime.
Once clean it’s a good idea to carefully inspect the entire surface of your frame for any hairline cracks or damage. If you notice anything you should take it to your local shop right away for further assessment, as it can be dangerous to ride on a cracked frame. Inspect all of your components as well, paying particular attention to the brake and shift cables. If they are frayed or have damaged housings, now is the time to replace them.
Now apply a few drops of some light lubricant to the inside of your cable housings and all of the pivot points on your brake and shift components. Avoid getting any oil on your brake pads, and wipe off any excess so that it doesn’t collect dirt. Here’s a video that demonstrates cable lubrication.
Inspect all of your brake pad surfaces and carefully trim away any wear ridges with a razor blade. Resurface them with rough sandpaper to clean up road grime. You should replace the pads if they are worn past the indicator line, or if you can see metal poking through the surface. Watch the brake tutorials.
Now check all of the bolts on your bike to make sure they’re tight, but be careful not to over-tighten. If they already feel tight enough don’t force them any tighter. Important areas to check include your handlebars, levers, shifters, stem, seat, seatpost, brakes, derailleurs, cranks and pedals.
Here is a bicycle torque specification guide from Park Tools.
Now reinstall the wheels and reconnect your brakes. Adjust the brake pads and cable tension as needed. Clean the chain, check for chain wear, and then lubricate it with chain oil. Then adjust the rear derailleur first, and the front derailleur second. Now place the bike on the ground and adjust your handlebar and seat position if needed.
The last step is very important. Take your bike on a thorough test ride, running through all of the gears and testing the brakes. Most of the time you’ll have a few minor re-adjustments to make before your bike is fully ready to ride.
Please look at #5 in the link.... It's what I found on the fork while cleaning the bike tonight.... It's been there all this time... I just now 'discovered' it...
My name is Tom. I live in Sudbury, Ontario and I am retired. I purchased a 1985 Miyata 110 in good condition and over the winter I would like to put the bike in almost new condition. I am here to get help on problems that I come across in my project.... Read more >>
I have a couple weeks pause before I can get back to the Peugeot re-build....
I've been debating asking this in open forum, because I don't have any background in this sort of thing...... and it seems this subject can become a potential Hot Topic I've seen on multiple threads..
My Question is about the use of Loose Ceramic Ball Bearings....... In an old Peugeot Road Bike, in Axles, Crank, and Pedals.
Not: "Will I feel anything?"
Not: "Are they better?"
Not: "Is the expense worth it?"
But: "If they are Given to me FREE, are Ce... Read more >>
My 2006 Trek 4300 went swimming during hurricane Sandy and many of the components have seized up. The frame is in good shape, but everything else is shot, so I would like to pretty much tear it down an replace every component. I have no doubt that a complete overhaul will easily cost double the bike's value and I have no problem with that. My issue is: I cannot find info regarding what replacement components will fit the bike nor can I find a service manual. Any assistance will be most appreciated.
[attachment=5411]... Read more >>
Newbie here to the forum, but I've diddled around with bicycles since clothes-pinning a playing card to flap the spokes, and that was a long time ago. I'm not specifically a bike nerd or wrencher, except, perhaps, when I need to be. I have tons of experience working with all sorts of materials, machines, and processes, plenty of which translate to things bikes need done to them, so can contribute things to this community from that vantage point...
What brings me to this forum is that I accepted a project from a friend to refurbish his son's KMart quality, 16" mini-BMX bike, so ... Read more >>
Very new to biking.
I have an older work horse road bike and a new to me mountain bike - CCM Nitro XT.
The rear tire on the CCM doesnt seem to be spinning very well. Doesnt coast well, esp. down hill.
I turned both bikes over and spun the back tires with about the same amount of force and the road bike spun for over a minute and the CCM spun for 7 seconds and came to a complete stop.
Any ideas where I should start? Is it possible something is just too tight?
Steve... Read more >>
I was recently given a haro backtrail x2 and a lot of the parts are old and rusted so i want to change most of the parts. Its going to be a gift for my little brothers birthday so i only have a couple weeks to get it done(beginning of sept.) Unfortunately im not 100% sure of what im doing. As far as taking things apart and putting them together i think i can figure that out but im having a hard time figuring out what parts to buy. I THINK i know what i need but i dont want to order parts and find out im wrong. He rides in the woods for the most part, jumps some stairs and likes to ride fast so... Read more >>
I could really use some advice with my bicycle problem.
I have a Mongoose Tyax Comp Disc 2010 Mountain Bike that’s literally falling apart.
It needs new chainset (the middle ring is busted), new front derailleur (it’s broken, had to removed it), the rear derailleur is on its last leg and the same can be said about the brakes.
I would like some advice on what parts to buy so they are compatible with each other and the bicycle as I don’t know much about that kind of stuff.
This is the link to the specs of my bike:
... Read more >>
I own a Fuji Roubaix and when I pedal, I get the same constant clicking sound as when I am coasting. I have heard that there shouldn't be any sound when pedaling so is there anything wrong with my bike? How should I fix this problem or is this sound normal.... Read more >>
I recently took my bike in because of a knocking sound I have been having from time to time only while pedaling. It is not always constant and can come and go without anything (that I have noticed) triggering it.
I took it into my local bike shop and I ended up spending $100 for everything; got a new chain, had everything cleaned, etc. None of it fixed the problem so I brought it back in to see what they thought. The noise cannot be reproduced unless you're actually on the bike and pedaling. They wanted another $50 for something they said "may or may not" fix the problem... Read more >>
I just took on a project for a sick friend, I want to refurbish his old Schwinn Varsity, Im not to sure of the year, off the top of my head I can say it is a red road bike with the four brake levers and the gear shift is located where the handle bars meet the frame.
So what Id like to do is replace gears, tires, saddle, and brakes, also remove a set of the brake levers.
Any help would be very awesome,
thanks... Read more >>
So I found an old Ross bike, a cruiser, basically in total disrepair. I cleaned and repainted the bike and now I cannot put it back together. Pieces seem to be missing, the handlebars wont go in and stay in, and Im frustrated beyond belief. Any help would be so appreciated. I'll include more details if needed.... Read more >>
Why does my bike make rumbling noises when it is on speed 1 on the front and speed 1 on the back?
I have a GMC Denali 700c road bike and it has 21 speed. It only makes the rumbling sound when I am on speed 1 and 1 on both the front and back. Also, this is only the case when I flip my bike up side down to fix/inspect it. When I am riding it it does not make any noise on that gear and it seems fine. Is this normal? Why exactly is it making that noise? Im afraid I might damage the bike if I just leave it that way and keep riding. Also is there anyway to possibly fix this at home? Please hel... Read more >>
After a year of being outside doing nothing, I would love to use it again.
Its a Hawk Paradise, atleast thats what on the frame. When do you know when biting off more than you should? And hand the bike over to the rag & bone man. I'll be able to post photos tomorrow, when I get the weeds, grime off.
The chain will need to be changed, but how can you tell which to get on the gears, its got upto 3 on the left handle, and upto 6 on the right handle.
I have a basic knowledge of bike maintence thanks to my off-road bike loving ex.
Am I bitin... Read more >>
So before I start, understand that I'm new to bike terms and may sound dumb but I need some help!
I recently decided I wanted to buy a bike on Craigslist, it was only $30 (laughs) aand I knew it needed fixing up but after getting it and really looking at it I realize whoever "tried" to fix this bike had no idea what they were doing.
The only identification I have for it is a little duck looking logo sticker thing on the front of the frame that says Raleigh. I found serial number on bottom and one number that was P1013-5. The frame is still in good shape but its been ... Read more >>