50. How To Install a Front Derailleur
Removal and installation of a standard clamp-on front derailleur.
Today we’ll learn how to replace a standard band-type clamp-on front derailleur. We’ll cover the E-Type bottom bracket mounted derailleurs in a future tutorial.
For this job you’ll need a 5mm hex key for the derailleur’s mounting bolt, and a phillips(+) screwdriver to adjust the derailleur’s limit screws and remove the derailleur cage bolt. If you are removing the chain you may need a chain tool depending on your type of chain. You’ll also need wire cutters and either a 9 or 10mm metric open end wrench or a 5 or 6mm hex key to remove and install the front shift cable.
The first step is to shift your chain onto the smallest front chainring. Then pull off the shift cable’s end cap and loosen the cable pinch bolt. Remove the cable from the derailleur.
Now you’ll need to remove the chain from the derailleur. Some chains have a special connector pin that need replacing if removed, so if you don’t need to remove the chain for cleaning or replacement you can simply undo the derailleur cage’s tail screw and flex the cage open to release the chain. Rest the chain on the bottom bracket shell to keep it out of the way.
If you are removing the chain, disconnect a link and pull the chain through the derailleur cage. Now you can undo the derailleur’s mounting bolt all the way counter clockwise to remove the derailleur from the frame.
Before installing the new front derailleur, apply some waterproof grease to the mounting bolt. Then place the clamp around the frame and tighten the mounting bolt just enough to keep it in place. At this point you still need to be able to move it by hand.
Now adjust the derailleur’s height and angle. For height adjustment, the bottom edge of the outside derailleur cage should sit approximately 2mm above the top of the teeth on the largest chainring. For the angle adjustment, rotate the derailleur until the cage is parallel with your chainrings. Then fully tighten the clamp’s mounting bolt.
If your chain is still on the bike, undo the tail screw on the derailleur cage and flex the cage to pull the chain through. Then re-install and tighten the tail screw again. If you have removed the chain, re-route the chain through the derailleur cage and reconnect it. Search the site for tutorials on how to use a chain tool or a quick release chain link.
Now preset the low-limit (L) screw so the small chainring appears halfway between the derailleur cage when viewed from above.
Thread the shift cable back into the derailleur, pull it tight and tighten the anchor bolt so the cable flattens. Then find a bare stretch of cable and give it a good pull to make sure the cable is seated and has no slack. Then loosen the cable, pull it tight again and re-tighten it.
Now you’re ready to adjust the front derailleur as shown in previous tutorials. If necessary, trim the cable so there is about 2 inches remaining. Then slide on a cable end cap and crimp it in place.
Thanks for taking the time to read my problem. I have recently bought a new bike. It is around 3 weeks old and done 112 miles on it. Recently it has started taking ages to shift up a gear on the rear cassette and occasionally it feels like it is trying to change gear on its own. The shift down is fine at the moment. In another 3 weeks the bike will have a 6 week free service. Is it worth waiting till then to let the professionals look at it or is it a quick fix I can do myself? I want to keep it in tip top condition so dont want it getting any worse or even damage it by putting mo... Read more >>
I'm trying to do some basic bike repairs, but I've stumbled upon a problem I cannot solve.
I have a Trek Lexa women's road bike (~3 years old) with Shimano derailleurs. It was in need of a tune-up as shifting between gears was not smooth and the chain was rubbing the bracket; however it was capable of shifting. I started by unhooking the shifter cable and adjusting the high and low limits of the rear derailleur. When I hooked the cable back up (tightened the rear adjustment screw, pulled on the cables, tightened the cable as much as I could while the gears we... Read more >>
I've watched hours of tutoring videos all over the internet in search for an answer. This forum is probably my last shot at it. The gears on the left (for the front derailleur) don't change the gears on my bike, because the shifter cable is out. I've been trying to reinsert my shifter cable for my FD, but only gear one and two work, and it's too stiff for the third gear. Ahhhh! Please help!!... Read more >>
Rear Derailleur shifter: Falcon Index System thumb shifter.
The high and low limits are set correctly because I can shift through all the gear with no problem. I just have to hold the shifter in place. If I let go, it will move all the way to high gear (small cog). It won't stay in anything but the highest gear by itself.... Read more >>
I recently purchased a Genesis Roadtech bike from Wal-Mart. It's a road bike but I have no idea how to use the shifters on this bike. The image is where the shifters are located.
I'm just getting into cycling so some of this stuff is still very new to me.
Thank you in advance for help advice.... Read more >>
I currently ride a Giant Revolt 2, 2014 model Cyclocross bike.
Last week during my commute to work I lost a spacer from my rear cassette so had it repaired by a local guy who is a friend of mine.
He managed to get every gear sweet bar the highest (small cog) on the rear cassette, it shifts nicely from the second smallest cog down to the smallest cog but it won't go back up - only on that one lowest gear.
He took it to his workshop over night and fit a new cassette and removed a link from the chain as the chain was still slack but that... Read more >>
I have a Sturmey Archer gears on my bike with a following shifter:[attachment=5222]
However I would like to change this shifter for modern one -the one I currently have is a bit rusty and its though to change gears sometimes.I have found this model:
3 SPEED NIMBUS SHIFTER
FITS 22.2MM BARS.
Will this shifter be suitable to replace the old one?
Thanks... Read more >>
I have a second hand, 18-speed, index shifting bike that I use for getting back and forth to school and running some errands. I've been having trouble shifting gears on it. The right gear shifter works fine, but the left one is struggling. When I twist the shifter into a new gear, the actual gear doesn't change. It will however randomly clunk into a new gear when I'm riding and haven't recently changed gears.
I've attached a photo showing the back gears. Let me know if something different would be more helpful!
I really now nothing about bik... Read more >>
Sorry if this has already been covered, I'm new to all this
I have recently had my cogs and chain replaced on my mountain bike due to wearing which caused my chain to slip in a number of gears, have spent a few days adjusting the derailleur thanks to online videos, and seem to have everything working perfectly with the exception on one gear,
when the chain is on the largest chainring and the largest on the back the chain seems to jump and make a loud noise, I have noticed the lower jockey wheel may be the cause of this, as this is where the chain seems to be jumping ... Read more >>
Hi, I'm new to the forum and this is my first post. I don't quite know how to explain it but will try to do the best I can.
I have a Mongoose mountain bike which I picked up for nothing. It had 2 broken spokes which I fixed quite easily. Bike works really well apart from the gears for the back sproket. It will change from 4 to 7 and back from 7 to 4 but then doesn't go any further. I have uploaded a Youtube video
I don't know what the parts are but there is a little cog that works like a ratchet. Once this gets to 4 it reaches the max for the lever. i.e.... Read more >>
Okay, so about a month ago I bought this used bike to have a cheap way into the sport. It's been working great for the past few weeks, but then I started to notice my rear shifter getting tight. I have twist grip shifters. It's gotten to the point where it won't down shift at all. I'm certain it's the shifter though and not the derailleur as I can I push the derailleur into gear and it allows me to downshift if I'm holding it in. It seems like the cable is too tight or something. I'm not sure how to go about fixing this issue.... Read more >>
I have trek bike and use it occasionally. My rear derailleur is broken and part of it hanging. I tried it put it in but it doesn't hold on anymore.
Please suggest if it can be easily fixed or need to take to a bike repair shop. Added some pictures... Read more >>
Where can I find clamp on 12 speed downtube indexed shifters?
Right now I have friction shifters mounted on the stemof my 86 Fuji Allegra and I'm looking to upgrade to indexed shifters.
Thanks!... Read more >>
I don't know if this has been posted before (since google didn't come up with any result) but I need a simple quick answer whether a Shimano 105 5700 derailleur will work with my current 2013 Shimano Tiagra shifters or not?
I have already seen in Shimano's documents instructions saying that for optimum performance it should be used either with 105 shifters or Ultegra shifters (5700 and 6700), and I also know that the ratio is a bit different between Tiagra and 105. For now I just need proper shifting and not very accurate, will this work?... Read more >>
My bike had a shimano rd-tz30 derailleur that broke so I looked online for a new one and found a shimano tourney tx35. Can it be used to replace my old derailleur? If it can not be used please tell me a good derailleur that I can use. I need a 7 speed direct attach derailleur and I prefer shimano. Thanks for the help... Read more >>