49. How To Install a Rear Derailleur
Removal and installation of a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.
In this tutorial we'll learn how to replace a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.
For this job you'll need a 5mm hex key for the derailleur's mounting bolt, and a 2.5mm or 3mm hex key for the jockey wheels if you will not be removing the chain to clean or replace it. If you are removing the chain you may need a chain tool depending on your type of chain. You’ll also need wire cutters and a 9 or 10mm metric open end wrench, or a 5 or 6mm hex key to remove and install the rear shift cable. The last thing you’ll need is a phillips (+) screwdriver for adjusting the derailleur's limit screws.
The first step is to shift your chain onto the smallest rear sprocket. Then pull off the shift cable's end cap and loosen the cable pinch bolt. Remove the cable from the derailleur.
Now you'll need to remove the chain from the derailleur. Some chains have a special connector pin that need replacing if removed, so if you don't need to remove the chain for cleaning or replacement you can simply remove the lower jockey wheel and rotate the cage plate to release the chain. If you are removing the chain, disconnect a link and pull the chain through the jockey wheels.
Now you can unthread the derailleur's mounting bolt all the way counter clockwise to remove the derailleur.
Before installing the new rear derailleur, apply some waterproof grease to the mounting bolt. Then thread it part way into the derailleur hanger, and rotate it clockwise to make sure the b-screw or tab is sitting behind the flat on the back of the hanger. Then fully tighten the mounting bolt.
If your chain is still on the bike, undo the bottom jockey wheel and thread the chain over the top pulley. Then re-install the lower jockey wheel. If you have removed the chain, re-route the chain through the jockey wheels and reconnect it. Search the site for tutorials on how to use a chain tool or a quick release chain link.
Now preset the high-limit (H) screw so the upper jockey wheel is roughly in line with the smallest sprocket when viewed from behind.
Thread the shift cable back into the derailleur, pull it tight and tighten the anchor bolt so the cable flattens. Then find a bare stretch of cable and give it a good pull to make sure the cable is seated and has no slack. Then loosen the cable, pull it tight again and re-tighten it.
Now you'll need to adjust the rear derailleur as shown in previous tutorials. If necessary, trim the cable so there is about 2 inches remaining. Then slide on a cable end cap and crimp it in place.
So I picked up a newer Schwinn Jaguar off of craigslist for my son.
This is the first bike I've had around in probably 30 years.
The guy I bought it from pointed out that he had replaced the broken stock 7-speed shifter handle with a 5-speed shifter handle. It rides fine and everything else seems to work. The kid wanted it so we brought it home.
I notice that first gear on the shifter is on the third largest sprocket.
Effectively the bike is set up for gears 3-7 at the moment. If I wanted to gear it down is there a way to set it to go from 2-... Read more >>
I am very new to bicycle mechanics, trying to get an old mountain bike running better. As I was scrubbing off years of gunk from the chain and derailleur, a piece popped off. I have included pics.
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I got a Shimano tourney front derailleur on my bike. Need to replace it. How to get the chain out?. I hope, I do not have to break a link on the chain. I see a rivet in one end of the metal. I do not see screw or bolt tightening the two ends.... Read more >>
I followed the instructions in this video
but I still have the same problem on a Shimano Sora race bike.
With the front derailleur, when I want to switch down from a larger clog to a smaller one, I always have to press the shifter twice: the first time moves the derailleur just a little bit and the second time does the job.
Any hint?... Read more >>
I have an old 1984 Miyata Model 100
and I plan on replacing the drop handlebar with straight bar.
I'd also like to replace the old lever shifters with thumb shifters on the handlebar. I'm sure this has been done a thousand times but I couldn't find any instructions in this forum.
Any help is appreciated.
... Read more >>
I have one of these old STI shifters from the early 90's
I can shift between the center and small chainwheels, but not from the center up to the big one.
The button goes all the way without resistance.
Any way to fix this or is is screwed for good?
Thanks in advance!... Read more >>
new to the site; I'm sure this is something that has come up before, but I'm currently trying to do a single-speed to 8x geared conversion, with a downtube shifter.
I've got the dropdown hanger for the rear derailleur bolted into the drop-out (after reading advice from this site...thanks!), and the rear derailleur mounted.
The chain runs through the derailleur and smallest gear (and the front cassette) fine, and I've attached the cable into the derailleur OK. The derailleur adjusts position when I use the shifter, but the chain doesn't move with it. I can manual... Read more >>
Morning! The shift paddle on my Campagnolo Centaur 10-speed left-side/front lever broke yesterday on my road/commuter bike. Needless to say, I'm pretty upset with myself, and I'd like to get the bike back on the road ASAP with as little cost as possible. To that end, a few questions:
1. Can I replace it with any Campy 10-speed lever? eBay has some Centaurs, but there are a few sets of Chorus levers that are offered at lower prices.
2. Is it worth trying to get repaired?
3. Are there other options I should consider?
Thanks a ton!
... Read more >>
I have a Giant Cypress DX purchased in Sep. 2015. I am relatively new to bicycling, just started about 2 years ago. I now little, if anything, about bicycles.
I recently removed the rear wheel while cleaning the chain and rear cassette. It was in 3rd gear when I removed the wheel. When I put the wheel back on I put the chain on the 5th gear instead of the 3rd gear on the cassette(counted in the wrong direction). I rode the bike and it immediately jumped to 5th gear on the shifter, which is where the chain actually was. Since then when shifting from 4th to 5th gear it usual... Read more >>
I am having some issues with a SRAM Apex rear shifter and the rear derailleur. I have pulled the shift cable tight and through the holding bolt of the rear derailleur and the barrel adjuster is turned all the way in clockwise. Shifting to easier gears works well, but shifting to the harder gears does not. The shifter clicks but the cable does not stay seated in the spool and remains slack when shifting to harder gears from easier gears ( see picture).
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Hi I need some help my grandson has messed with the derailleur on his bike it no longer works and you can only get the pedal to turn a little bit and it jams and wont turn I don't know any think about bikes so I need help to try and fix it for him... Read more >>
Just bought a used MTB with several XT components and some lower quality ones.
I can't figure out the model of the rear derailleur
It's Shimano, but I don't know which one
Has anyone an idea?
Thanks... Read more >>
I've a 9speed DA that is fine going up & down the gearing, but put a load on 1st, 2nd & sometime, the chain skips. I cannot get my indexing right to get rid of it, any thoughts?... Read more >>
I inherited a bike with an Eddy Merckx frame about a year ago. The bike has some Campagnolo components, including rear shifters which have an issue. I'd rather repair the shifter than replace it because the bike as some sentimental value, and the longer I can go without replacing parts the better.
The thumb shifter usually locks when I try to shift, but if I hold the brake lever over to the right with my index finger the thumb shifter functions again. My mechanic told me that a spring in the shifter needs to be replaced and that it can be hard to identify a compatible sprin... Read more >>
I have a Shimano Deore SL-M570 shifter (circa '00) that has a lot of up and down play in the thumb lever for the front derailer. Unless I press the thumb lever upward toward the body of the shifter, the loose condition causes it to miss the pawl to shift from the second to the third chain ring. If I open up the bottom cover on the shifter, it would appear that it can be tightened by the hex bolt that is visible, but there is a small metal plate underneath it, with two tabs that stick up on two sides of the bolt, apparently preventing it from turning ( Read more >>