49. How To Install a Rear Derailleur

Removal and installation of a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.

IMPORTANT: Nuts and bolts on your bike should always be tightened to the manufacturer's specifications.
How To Install a Rear Derailleur
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In this tutorial we'll learn how to replace a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.

Tools

For this job you'll need a 5mm hex key for the derailleur's mounting bolt, and a 2.5mm or 3mm hex key for the jockey wheels if you will not be removing the chain to clean or replace it. If you are removing the chain you may need a chain tool depending on your type of chain. You’ll also need wire cutters and a 9 or 10mm metric open end wrench, or a 5 or 6mm hex key to remove and install the rear shift cable. The last thing you’ll need is a phillips (+) screwdriver for adjusting the derailleur's limit screws.

Rear Derailleur Removal

The first step is to shift your chain onto the smallest rear sprocket. Then pull off the shift cable's end cap and loosen the cable pinch bolt. Remove the cable from the derailleur.

Now you'll need to remove the chain from the derailleur. Some chains have a special connector pin that need replacing if removed, so if you don't need to remove the chain for cleaning or replacement you can simply remove the lower jockey wheel and rotate the cage plate to release the chain. If you are removing the chain, disconnect a link and pull the chain through the jockey wheels.

Now you can unthread the derailleur's mounting bolt all the way counter clockwise to remove the derailleur.

Rear Derailleur Installation

Before installing the new rear derailleur, apply some waterproof grease to the mounting bolt. Then thread it part way into the derailleur hanger, and rotate it clockwise to make sure the b-screw or tab is sitting behind the flat on the back of the hanger. Then fully tighten the mounting bolt.

If your chain is still on the bike, undo the bottom jockey wheel and thread the chain over the top pulley. Then re-install the lower jockey wheel. If you have removed the chain, re-route the chain through the jockey wheels and reconnect it. Search the site for tutorials on how to use a chain tool or a quick release chain link.

Rear Derailleur Set-up

Now preset the high-limit (H) screw so the upper jockey wheel is roughly in line with the smallest sprocket when viewed from behind.

Thread the shift cable back into the derailleur, pull it tight and tighten the anchor bolt so the cable flattens. Then find a bare stretch of cable and give it a good pull to make sure the cable is seated and has no slack. Then loosen the cable, pull it tight again and re-tighten it.

Now you'll need to adjust the rear derailleur as shown in previous tutorials. If necessary, trim the cable so there is about 2 inches remaining. Then slide on a cable end cap and crimp it in place.

Tags

Discuss this topic in the Derailleur Forums

03/20 Block spacer

My new 10 speed Shimano 105 block came with a skinny aluminum spacer, which was intended to fit behind the block.  Does this always need to be fitted or is it for special circumstances?  I also have new 10 speed specific wheels and the chain does clear the spokes without the spacer.  The new chain is not smooth under pressure, could taking out the spacer be a solution?   Thanks.... Read more >>

03/14 Hierarchy btw Shimano and Sram models

Dear friends, I wanna buy a bike that will provide me both road and trail usage. and it should be also economical. There are lots of level of quality between shimano accessories such as Tiagra, Xtr.. and also same thing for Sram. Could you advice me the correct hierarchy between models acc to price. And advice a bike for both road and trail usage.Thanks in advance.. http://bikebest.net/versus/... Read more >>

02/16 Frayed derailleur cable end

The metal cap at the end of my derailleur cable somehow came loose so now the cable end has unravelled into multiple strands. They are a cut hazard and look ugly. Appreciate any suggestions on how to fix.... Read more >>

02/15 Since overhaul (I'm Impressed)

It's presently 0 Degrees F, with a -16 wind chill in Chicagoland...

It's been ~3 months since the overhaul of the 2 bikes, and I've been alternating them from the repair stand (Bunji Straps hanging from ceiling joist in basement)..
When I started I figured a squirt of oil was all that was needed.  I had no idea what nice bikes I had! 
I learned about strange part sizes from Here & Internet.
I learned about parts & "Alternate Parts" procurement from LBS, Here, & Internet.
I learned about loose bearings from the first dis-assembly.. and found b... Read more >>

02/12 Deore LX Derailleurs?

I have two Deore LX derailleurs... one is a RD550 and the other is a RD565.
Which one is a better derailleur or is there a better one?? Any differences between the two other than the model number?? Both have the SGS long cage.
Trying to figure out the Shimano numbers and quality grades.
Thanks... Read more >>

02/08 SRAM X9 - Rear Derailleur Pulley - Wobbles

Hello,

I have a Boarman Hybrid Pro (2010 Model - White http://road.cc/content/review/4160-boardman-urban-pro-ltd) and the I have had a lot of repairs on it recently.

After the latest repair I noticed the chain was wobbling from left to right more than what I expected. I bought it back to the bike shop but they gave me lip service on the cause and the repair for the problem.

With further inspecition I noticed that that both rear derailleur pulleys are wobbling and are l... Read more >>

01/26 Need to replace a RD-TZ30 drlr

Hi, I need to replace and old broken RD-TZ30 drlr 7 speed.

Does anyone know if the Shimano Acera M360 7-8 Speed would be an ok replacement?

It is for an old (but much loved) Schwinn Jaguar beach cruiser.

Thanks!... Read more >>

01/02 Rear derailleur help

I took off my rear derailleur to clean my bike and i need help putting it back on. Its a shimano derailleur with the hook. And i have a diamondback mountian bike. If anyone can help it would be appreciated!! I dont remember exactly how it was attached to the frame

Thanx
Jay... Read more >>

01/01 How to determine replacement XT/XTR derailleur?

I have an early 90's Merlin MTB frame with 90's era Shimano xt and xtr on it. I now use the bike primarily as a pavement hill climber (I live in a hilly residential area) with maybe 20% off road. Recently, the front derailleur stopped returning when released by the shifter. The derailleur shifts to a larger chain ring perfectly. When shifting to a smaller chain ring, the shifter appears to release the cable correctly, but the derailleur is not returning, despite obvious slack in the cable. I have to kick it over with my heel. Lubricating the various pivot points did nothing. I assume the... Read more >>

12/30 Chain skipping one gear while shifting

I purchased a 18 speed bicycle with shimano gears having revo shifters yesterday.
Today I noticed that while shifting from 2nd gear to the third gear it skips the third cog at the back and jumps to the fourth. There is no issue with other gears.
I would like to know why has this happened and at the same time what can be done inorder to fix this problem.. Kindly reply.. Smile... Read more >>

12/30 Brifters for old Deore XT 7 speed dérailleur

I've got an old high end Giant mountain bike I'm wanting to convert to a gravel bike, mainly changing the MTB bars to CX/road bars with integrated brake levers/shifters. Any recommendations for some road shifters/levers that would work with the Deore XT 7 speed / triple front derailleurs and cantilever brakes? Don't want to spend a lot, so replacing lots of other components isn't an option.

Thanks for any help you have.... Read more >>

12/14 [Rear Derailleur] Gears up/down by one cog

I don't exactly know how it happened. I've been trying to fix it for days but nothing works.

So let's say you had a 1-9spd derailleur:
If we would want to shift to the biggest cog we would go to the 1st gear, and if we would want to shift to the smallest cog we would go the the 9th gear. BUT that's not the case in my rear derailleur. I could only go to the 2nd smallest cog, and if I would want to shift to the biggest could I would only have to shift 8 times, this means that I would have 1 more shif... Read more >>

12/11 Back bike wheel does not catch gear

i dont know whats really going on but when i was riding my $300 swiss mountain bike i took a brake then got on and tried to peddle. it spawn around w/o catching the back tire. i checked to see if the chain was on, it was. i was having very slow reaction with the front gears with alot of noise before this. i have not used this bike no more then 4-6 times.

if anyone can help thanks. if i can repair it my self i would rather do that since i dont have cash for a repair person..

(but i did notice it started to catch when i go down the drive way (going somewhat speed... Read more >>

12/10 Shifting between first and second

I'm a real novice at this so please make allowances! I was having trouble (front derailleur) shifting up from first to second. When I flicked the shift lever into 2nd, the cage would move across seemingly correctly, but the chain would struggle, make a lot of noise and refuse to shift up. If I pushed the shift lever over a little more - towards 3rd - and held it for a couple of seconds, the chain would move up on to 2nd position and stay there OK. I tried to correct this by increasing the tension a little on the shift wire. The result of that was that it shifts up to 2nd correctly, but wo... Read more >>

11/22 Converting from downtube to Stem shifters?

I'm re-bearing, lubing, and overhauling my wife's 1969-70 Gitane Grand Sport Mixte, and I'm showing here the 'status' of the re-build... Expenses so far: ! $40.00 if I split the cost of tools in half!

Overall she's happy with the improvements in bearings and lube, and she's 'buying' the improvements in the braking system that hasn't arrived yet... but..
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As only a wife can do... She says: "You know, I like the location: (Stem Shifters) of what you have on 'YOUR BIKE', and wish I had the same on: "My Bike"...... I have to reach too far to change gears..... Read more >>

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