49. How To Install a Rear Derailleur

Removal and installation of a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.

IMPORTANT: Nuts and bolts on your bike should always be tightened to the manufacturer's specifications.
How To Install a Rear Derailleur
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In this tutorial we'll learn how to replace a standard bolt-on rear derailleur.

Tools

For this job you'll need a 5mm hex key for the derailleur's mounting bolt, and a 2.5mm or 3mm hex key for the jockey wheels if you will not be removing the chain to clean or replace it. If you are removing the chain you may need a chain tool depending on your type of chain. You’ll also need wire cutters and a 9 or 10mm metric open end wrench, or a 5 or 6mm hex key to remove and install the rear shift cable. The last thing you’ll need is a phillips (+) screwdriver for adjusting the derailleur's limit screws.

Rear Derailleur Removal

The first step is to shift your chain onto the smallest rear sprocket. Then pull off the shift cable's end cap and loosen the cable pinch bolt. Remove the cable from the derailleur.

Now you'll need to remove the chain from the derailleur. Some chains have a special connector pin that need replacing if removed, so if you don't need to remove the chain for cleaning or replacement you can simply remove the lower jockey wheel and rotate the cage plate to release the chain. If you are removing the chain, disconnect a link and pull the chain through the jockey wheels.

Now you can unthread the derailleur's mounting bolt all the way counter clockwise to remove the derailleur.

Rear Derailleur Installation

Before installing the new rear derailleur, apply some waterproof grease to the mounting bolt. Then thread it part way into the derailleur hanger, and rotate it clockwise to make sure the b-screw or tab is sitting behind the flat on the back of the hanger. Then fully tighten the mounting bolt.

If your chain is still on the bike, undo the bottom jockey wheel and thread the chain over the top pulley. Then re-install the lower jockey wheel. If you have removed the chain, re-route the chain through the jockey wheels and reconnect it. Search the site for tutorials on how to use a chain tool or a quick release chain link.

Rear Derailleur Set-up

Now preset the high-limit (H) screw so the upper jockey wheel is roughly in line with the smallest sprocket when viewed from behind.

Thread the shift cable back into the derailleur, pull it tight and tighten the anchor bolt so the cable flattens. Then find a bare stretch of cable and give it a good pull to make sure the cable is seated and has no slack. Then loosen the cable, pull it tight again and re-tighten it.

Now you'll need to adjust the rear derailleur as shown in previous tutorials. If necessary, trim the cable so there is about 2 inches remaining. Then slide on a cable end cap and crimp it in place.

Tags

Discuss this topic in the Derailleur Forums

08/19 When sitting and riding on mountain bike, front gears will not shift.

Hi, first post, very noobie to bike stuff sorry Smile
(Sorry, it's a little long, tried to keep it concise, sry).

Basically, when the bike is on a stand or even just picking the bike to rear tire is hovering, when pedaling and shifting through the front gears 1,2,3 it shits perfectly. Very smooth and fluid. However, when I'm riding the bike the bike gears will not shift at all!

(Quick necessary back story). Original issue was that the chain was rubbi... Read more >>

08/09 Shifting Problem

My front derailleur is a "Falcon" ---never heard of them! My problem is that I can shift to my large chainring or sprocket but as soon as I let go of the shift lever the derailleur pops the chain right back onto the small ring. W Thanks for your assistance.hen I move the shift lever it "clicks" several times---could there be some type of ratchet that is broken?... Read more >>

08/01 Front derailleur won't shift into third (largest) gear

I have recently been trying to teach myself more about bike maintenance by doing the work myself (I know horrible idea Smile ).  Recently I noticed that my chain was rubbing on my front derailleur so I went and altered the high/low screws on the derailleur.  Initially it wasn't moving when I was fiddling with the screws, and in an instructional video they suggested loosening the nut(bolt?) that holds down the shifting cable to allow the derailleur to reset to it's natural positio... Read more >>

07/17 Front derailleur can't shift from inner chainring to outer...sometimes

So I'm having a very strange problem. I have an old 10 speed Chimo with friction shifters on the stem. A few months back I noticed that when I downshift to the inner chainring, my front derailleur can't shift it back up to the outer chainring. I put it off and only used 5 gears till I tried to fix it today. I flipped the bike upside down and played around with it and it shifted perfectly back and forth. I then righted the bike and had someone hold up the back tire. It also shifted just fine. But when I rode it, once again it refused to shift back up to the outer chainring. Any ideas what this... Read more >>

06/09 Front derailleur drags on middle chainring?

Hi guys -- I'm new to the forum. Thanks for reading.

I'm fixing up a bike I've had for ~15 years that, sadly, I wasn't able to maintain. The bike is an 18-speed Royce Union mountain bike. Aside from new tubes/tires and a new chain, everything else is original (thumb shifters, both derailleurs are Shimano).

The original chain was just too rusted, so I replaced it, and it runs nicely now. Almost. It's fine on the granny chainring, and it's fine on the big ring, but when it's on the middle ring (the one that I tend to use the most), the chain drags across the inside... Read more >>

06/05 Rear derailleur rolling chain off

Hello I recently got my hands on a 99 trek 6000 and I have been working on it in my free time. When I try to ride it the back chain keeps going down in the gears until it pops off the gear on my wheel help!!... Read more >>

05/28 Rear Derailleurs

Hi

My rear derailleur is horizontal to the bike frame as opposed to vertical.

I can see no obvious reason for this and am unsure of how to fix it.

The bike was shifting just fine until I literally put it down, picked it back up and went to take off and the rear derailleur had the before mentioned issue.

Any help would be much appreciated.... Read more >>

05/22 7 speed bike / 5 speed shifter handle

So I picked up a newer Schwinn Jaguar off of craigslist for my son.

This is the first bike I've had around in probably 30 years.

The guy I bought it from pointed out that he had replaced the broken stock 7-speed shifter handle with a 5-speed shifter handle. It rides fine and everything else seems to work. The kid wanted it so we brought it home.

I notice that first gear on the shifter is on the third largest sprocket.

Effectively the bike is set up for gears 3-7 at the moment. If I wanted to gear it down is there a way to set it to go from 2-... Read more >>

05/14 Derailleur Spring - how to put it back on?

Hi everyone,

I am very new to bicycle mechanics, trying to get an old mountain bike running better. As I was scrubbing off years of gunk from the chain and derailleur, a piece popped off. I have included pics.

https://onedrive.live.com/redir?resid=9E519F39D9FB9823!1924&authkey=!ACOzLRPoJQNHcCY&v=3&ithint=photo%2cjpg

Read more >>

05/05 Remove chain from front derailleur

I got a Shimano tourney front derailleur on my bike. Need to replace it. How to get the chain out?. I hope, I do not have to break a link on the chain. I see a rivet in one end of the metal. I do not see screw or  bolt tightening the two ends.... Read more >>

04/30 Need to press twice to get to lower clog

I followed the instructions in this video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfBiXgf8JxI
but I still have the same problem on a Shimano Sora race bike.

With the front derailleur, when I want to switch down from a larger clog to a smaller one, I always have to press the shifter twice: the first time moves the derailleur just a little bit and the second time does the job.

Any hint?... Read more >>

04/09 Change levers to thumb shifters

I have an old 1984 Miyata Model 100
and I plan on replacing the drop handlebar with straight bar.

I'd also like to replace the old lever shifters with thumb shifters on the handlebar. I'm sure this has been done a thousand times but I couldn't find any instructions in this forum.

Any help is appreciated.

Joe

[Image: nzri9x.jpg]... Read more >>

02/29 STI shifter problem

I have one of these old STI shifters from the early 90's

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0By-S838OebDHUnRnSDd2b1dRajQ/view?usp=sharing

I can shift between the center and small chainwheels, but not from the center up to the big one.
The button goes all the way without resistance.

Any way to fix this or is is screwed for good?

Thanks in advance!... Read more >>

01/16 Single-speed to 8x geared conversion shifter problem

Hi all
new to the site; I'm sure this is something that has come up before, but I'm currently trying to do a single-speed to 8x geared conversion, with a downtube shifter.
I've got the dropdown hanger for the rear derailleur bolted into the drop-out (after reading advice from this site...thanks!), and the rear derailleur mounted.

The chain runs through the derailleur and smallest gear (and the front cassette) fine, and I've attached the cable into the derailleur OK. The derailleur adjusts position when I use the shifter, but the chain doesn't move with it. I can manual... Read more >>

01/04 Broken Campy Shifter Help?

Morning!  The shift paddle on my Campagnolo Centaur 10-speed left-side/front lever broke yesterday on my road/commuter bike.  Needless to say, I'm pretty upset with myself, and I'd like to get the bike back on the road ASAP with as little cost as possible.  To that end, a few questions:

1. Can I replace it with any Campy 10-speed lever?  eBay has some Centaurs, but there are a few sets of Chorus levers that are offered at lower prices.

2. Is it worth trying to get repaired?

3. Are there other options I should consider?

Thanks a ton!
... Read more >>

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