48. How to Align a Rear Derailleur Hanger
Derailleur hangers are easily bent and can cause shifting problems.
50% of the cost of the bicycle featured in this video was donated by JensonUSA.
Today we’ll learn how to straighten integrated derailleur hangers. Shifting problems caused by a bent derailleur hanger are quite common. This can happen if your bike is dropped, crashed or bumped, or if it was poorly aligned at the manufacturer. The result is poor shifting even after all other adjustments have been made.
For this job you’ll need a repair stand and a hanger alignment gauge like this one called the DAG-2 from Park Tool. It costs about $50 dollars. When compared to bike shop labor charges, it will pay for itself after 3-4 uses. You’ll also need a 5mm hex key for the derailleur mounting bolt, and a string or small strap to hold the derailleur out of the way while you align the hanger.
It is important to make sure your rear wheel is true and properly mounted in the frame dropouts, as the alignment tool compares the derailleur hanger to the rim surface. See the tutorials titled How to Remove and Install Your Wheels and How to True a Wheel.
The first step is to shift the rear derailleur onto the smallest sprocket and then remove the rear derailleur by turning the mounting bolt all the way counter-clockwise. There is no need to remove the shift cable or chain. Then tie the derailleur up onto the frame to keep it out of the way. If you have a replaceable derailleur hanger, you’ll first want to make sure the bolts holding it in place are properly tightened so they don’t move.
Now thread the tool’s shaft all the way into the hanger threads by turning it carefully clockwise into where the derailleur was mounted. If it doesn’t thread in smoothly, the threads may be damaged and need to be chased with a tap. We’ll cover this in a future tutorial. Do not use the tool’s threads as a thread chaser.
We’ll be checking the alignment at four different places on the rim: the 9 o’clock and 3 o’clock for horizontal alignment, and the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock for vertical alignment. When aligned correctly, the alignment tool’s indicator will be roughly the same distance from the rim at all four locations.
For horizontal alignment, move the alignment tool’s arm to the 9 o’clock position and rotate the wheel so the valve is at the same spot. Loosen the knob and slide the indicator so it contacts the outside edge of the rim, and then tighten the knob again to hold the indicator in place. Now rotate the tool arm and valve around to the 3 o’clock position and see where the indicator sits. If the tip of the indicator is within 4mm of the rim on this side then the horizontal alignment is ok. If the difference is more or less than 4mm, carefully pull or push the tool’s arm, using it as a lever to slightly bend the hanger in the right direction, and then re-check the alignment on both sides.
You may need to repeat this process a few times until the alignment is within range. It’s important not to bend the hanger too much with the alignment tool. It’s best to bend it a little bit and then have to bend it some more, rather than bending it too much and having to bend it back again.
For vertical alignment, keep the indicator in the same position and then check the 12 o’clock and 6 o’clock positions the same way we did for the horizontal alignment. Always remember to move the air valve along with the indicator and place the indicator at the outside edge of the rim.
Once the hanger is aligned and within 4mm both horizontally and vertically, unthread the alignment tool. Apply a little waterproof grease to the derailleur’s mounting bolts threads and begin threading it back in clockwise. Make sure the B-screw adjustment is sitting behind the derailleur hanger. Then tighten the derailleur to the specified torque, usually around 8-10 Newton Meters or 70-90 Inch Pounds.
So today I ordered some new wheels for my 700c conversion. The wheels come with a 7 speed freewheel which is just what I need. However, my current cassette is 13/23 and the new one is 14/28. What adjustments will I need to make to the rear derailleur so that it will shift smoothly and accurately on the new cassette.
Jamin... Read more >>
I've encountered a very strange problem I've never had before. I have a Fischer mountain bike with shimano acera 8 gear derailer. About a week ago it suddenly developed a very strange problem, the derailer only travels part of the distance it should to give me the full gear range. Now I only get it to go to gear sprocket 2 at the low end through to sprocket 5 or 6 towards the high end.
I've tried making various forms of adjustment to the derailer, but this has only very limited effect. Has anyone here had this problem, and any ideas about how to fix it and how it... Read more >>
I'm a bike tech at dicks sporting goods in Bloomfield, MI and I'm having trouble with replacing the cables on an old 10 speed freestyle. I've only been working at this job for about 3 months now, so I don't have a ton of experience working on bikes yet, and I can't tell how to get the cable out of the shifter.
It looks like the cable should just be able to pop out of the end of the shifter (I have already removed the housing), but I can't get it to budge. Is there something else I need to do first before I can take the cable out, or is it just that this particular one is likely j... Read more >>
We just bought a hyper havoc within the last 2 months and have only ridden it a handful of times. My issue is the other night as we were riding along the chain snapped off. Looked like it broke? We just started riding again recently so we're not familiar with these new bikes at all. Do I need to buy a new chain or can this one be fixed? I snapped it back together but I just don't know if it'll last or what. Lol I apologize for my ignorance about anything mechanical lol.... Read more >>
On the weekend I crashed and managed to destroy one of my shifters. I've got an old Cannondale 105 with 105 components - double and 9 speed. I'm wondering if any other Shimano double/9 speed shifters would be compatable or do I need to try and find an old set of the 105 ST-5510?
Thanks!... Read more >>
So I took my bike out for a ride and neither of the gears seem to shift, pressing the shift bottom (sorry dont know the name for it) next to the brakes doesnt do anything, no clicks or sounds, nothing happens.
I have no clue whats wrong with it so please help me, I'll upload more pictures if needed and do any tests
here are some pictures
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At age 43 I recently have taken up cycling, it's been about 20 years. I had found a 1982 Free Spirit 10 speed, Sears brand by Murray I think, at a junk store. $15 and everything seemed to work, couldn't pass it up. I put new tires on it and was riding, wheels fairly true, all 10 gears, no squaking or squealing, decent stopping. Then the other day, the left lever snapped off. No surprise being 32 year old plastic, I remember new bikes doing that in my younger days. So my question is, what's a good source to order this part from? I'd want to go metal and replace the whole assembly, I'm gues... Read more >>
I have a Trek 7000 (93/94) still with tons of original parts on her.
A few weeks ago, the rear shifter broke, not shifting to the lighter gears, but was still shifting to the heavier ones.
When I opened it, I saw that a little spring inside it was broke.
Just like the one seen here:
I can't find this spring anywh... Read more >>
Hey folks - first off for full disclosure, I recently removed the RD from the hanger to get a look at the hanger. What I'm asking now seems to have happened after re-attaching the RD.
The bike is about a month old so I'm not considering worn out parts yet.
OK so the RD (Ultegra 6800) attaches to the hanger by one bolt. The RD pivots on that bolt. When at rest I can rotate the RD clockwise quite a bit. Just a little rotation counter clockwise. If I rotate clockwise and then let it go there is obviously a spring inside that pushes the RD back to a resting position.
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Hi, basically I've got a problem with the front deraillieur rub on my Triban 3 road bike when in the smallest chainring on the rear and the largest chainring up front.
I've tried setting this up myself about 4 times using this guide
I just cannot seem to make the dérailleur move far enough out! I have tightened the cable as ti... Read more >>
I have cube aim pro 29 with Altus M310 FD. Recently purchased, ready to run.
Thing is I'm not satisfied how the FD is working. There is a problem
with chain rubbing.
For ex. when running in second ring upfront (where in theory there should be no rub at all in any rear shift), there is a rub depending on cable tension.
If I adjust FD in the biggest rear ring, it rubs when I shift to small ones (7,8)
and vice versa. If I adjust in smallest rear ring, it rubs when I shift to biggest (1,2,3). So basically I cannot adjust that no ... Read more >>
Today, one of my grip shifter (for the back shifting) is broken. I've only ride the bike for less than 6 months.
Unfortunately, my chain is now off the gears. So there is almost no way to get the chain back on because the shifter is not in the correct place.
Is there a quick/alternative way to adjust the shifter so I can get my chain on the gear? Thus, at least I can ride.
Or is it a good idea to simply remove the whole back derailleur and also cut some sections of chain? maybe a lot of labor for this approach.
I just want to get the bike go... Read more >>
I bought Roadmaster Granite Peak a couple of weeks back (http://www.walmart.com/ip/Roadmaster-Granite-Peak-26-Men-s-Mountain-Bike-Black/34931885).
Suddenly one by one both the gears have stopped "holding" in place.
The gear cable does move and so does the derailleurs.
A video I took is available here:
https://www.youtube.c... Read more >>
I want to replace the rear derailleur on my current mountain bike, but because it is a cheap low end full suspension, it doesn't have a hanger on the frame and only takes a bolt on derailleur. Is there anyway I can adapt the frame so that it is compatible with a hanger? the derailleurs I want all require a hanger. Thank you.... Read more >>
I just got my new Saracen Urban ESC. It has 3 gears in front and 7 at the back.
Couple of issues I have noticed when changing gears. The front derailleurs works fine when changing in to a lower ring. But when i try to shift it up I have to press the shifter twice. First time does not change the gears and make a horrible metallic sound, feels as if the bike is gonna crash.
How can I fix it?... Read more >>